The Role of Contesting Ideologies: Civil-Military Relations in Turkey

August 15, 2016

Abstract Civil-military relationship is generally examined through the use of an institutional approach or theories (concordance) that emphasise the salience of power struggles and social cohesion. These contributions are important but often exclude the role of contesting ideologies. To address this gap, this paper takes an ideological approach to address civil-military relations in Turkey. The analyses commence with the military reforms of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th century…

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A Review of Public and Private Investment in South Africa

August 15, 2016

Abstract The paper aims to put the limelight on the growth dynamics of public and private investment in South Africa from the apartheid period through to 2012. With the adopted inward-looking growth policy during the apartheid, massive economic infrastructure public investment stimulated private investment. Growth buoyancy of private investment continued with the implementation of the market system in 1994, complemented by the core infrastructure growth. While the South African investment…

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Debating State Capacity and Intrastate Wars in South Asia

August 15, 2016

Abstract In South Asia the notion of intrastate wars are prevalent and prolonged. Most of the countries in the region have faced or are still struggling with such wars. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) rebellion movement in Sri Lanka, till very recently, violent Nexal movement and Maoist insurgency in India and sectarian violence in Pakistan, Taliban and Al-Qaida in Afghanistan have all been the part of intra-state wars. These…

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IMS-Growth Triangle, SADC and APEC: A Brief Analysis of Regional Integration and Transborder Relations from Critical Geopolitical Perspectives

August 15, 2016

Abstract This study briefly discusses three case studies of regional integration, namely the Indonesia-Malaysia-Singapore Growth Triangle (IMS-GT), the South African Development Community (SADC) and the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), to critically examine contemporary integration project as a phenomenon in which sovereignty, identity and boundary/territory are constructed and confirmed. Poststructuralist approaches reconsider regional communities as pre-given institutes, practices and actors, and inspire to focus on how these categories are constructed…

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Domestic Norms and Foreign Policy: A Research Note

August 15, 2016

Abstract The constructivist research agenda on norms has been dominated by international norms research with studies only rarely focusing on domestic norms. The research agenda on domestic norms, however, is dominated by the use of norms in explaining the domestic construction of foreign policies. Domestic norms’ internationalisation and functioning in an overseas setting has thus been a neglected research domain. This research note, based on the experience of the author…

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Freedom of Speech, Controversies and Muslims: A Review Essay

August 15, 2016

Abstract Muslims remain as conspicuous minorities in the West where they encountered numerous challenges; one of the key ones is the maintenance of their religious identities amidst a predominantly secular society. Whilst some succeeded to overcome the challenges, others found themselves absorbed into the secular environment and as a result they abandoned their identities as Muslims. From among the latter group there are those such as Salman Rushdie and Hirsi…

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Book Review – New Approaches to Countering Terrorism: Designing and Evaluating Counter Radicalization and De-Radicalization Programs

August 15, 2016

Since the 1980s religious terrorism is on the top of many nations’ agenda. No doubt the phenomenon might be known to the world since humanity’s origins. Killing civilians for one’s political goals is not particularly typical of religious terrorism. Not only terrorist groups use, terroristic tactics States use them to achieve their goals too. Today Islamic terrorism dominates the political agenda. However, since the Arabic Spring, the political transformations and…

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Book Review – Radical Feminist: Feminist Activism in Movement

August 15, 2016

This book is a highly informative historical resource. Just as the title suggests, the book talks about the radical feminist movement in the UK from 1970’s to the present. Mackay presents the feminist movement in waves. The book is organized into two phases. The first phase presents he events that led to the first RTN (reclaim the night) protest in the U.K. In the second phase, Mackay talks about postmodern…

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