Since the 1980s religious terrorism is on the top of many nations’ agenda. No doubt the phenomenon might be known to the world since humanity’s origins. Killing civilians for one’s political goals is not particularly typical of religious terrorism. Not only terrorist groups use, terroristic tactics States use them to achieve their goals too. Today Islamic terrorism dominates the political agenda. However, since the Arabic Spring, the political transformations and civil wars in the Middle East, many civilians from the region are fleeing to Europe. In Europe islamophobia and violence against refugees, especially in Germany, is on the rise. In short, political extremism is increasing not only in the Middle East but also in Europe. It is not only a challenge inside the Muslim community but also inside the Christian European societies.
In his book published in 2015 Hamel El-Said evaluates several “Counter Radicalization and De-Radicalization Programs” in several nation states or regions of the world. After an introduction the author sets the framework for his study (p.13-53). The chapters 3 and 4 focus on Australia and the De-radicalization program in this country (p.53-96). The 5th chapter takes a close look at Mauritania and its challenges with violent Islam (p.96-138). Counter radicalization in Singapore is analysed in chapter 6 (p.138-174). Sudan and Turkey are separately evaluated in the chapters 7 and 8 (p.174-254). Concluding remarks are found in chapter 9 (p.254).
How to Cite:
Cicek, H. (2016) review of New Approaches to Countering Terrorism: Designing and Evaluating Counter Radicalization and De-Radicalization Programs, Hamed El-Said, Journal of Global Analysis, 6, no. 2: 227-228.